Patanjali Yoga Sutra: The Yoga Sutra of Patanjali are 196 Indian Sutra (aphorisms) that constitute the foundation text of R?ja yoga .The sutra translates to something that holds together, In Sanskrit. It refers to an aphorism, metaphorically. A magnum opus containing aphorisms on the practical and philosophical wisdom regarding the practice of Yoga, Patanjali is the compiler of the Yoga Sutras.
YAMA YOGA is all about laughter, love and joyfully embracing life with the ethical practices of YAMA (the attitude we have towards things and people). With YAMA begins the 8 limbed Path of Yoga, known as the “Restraints” which constitute Ahimsa, Satya, Bhramacharya, Asteya and Aparigraha .
Niyama translates to “rules” or “laws.” These are the rules prescribed specifically for speculation of the self. The five niyamas are not exercises or actions to be simply studied. They represent a far more complex attitude. The niyamas are more intimate and personal, when compared with the yamas. They manifest in the attitude we adopt towards ourselves as we peacefully walk the path of life. Sauca, Santosa ,Tapas , Svadhyaya and Isvarapranidhana form the 5 laws.
The practice of physical postures is termed as Asana. Not merely stretching, asanas open the chakras, psychic centers and the energy channels of the body and mind. Asanas are conducive to purification and strengthening of the body, control and focus of the mind.According to one of the eight limbs of classical Yoga, asana should be comfortable and steady comfortable, firm yet relaxed. On a higher level the practice of asana, which refers to “staying” or “abiding” in Sanskrit, is used as an instrument to calm the mind and stir the inner essence of being.
An important limb of yoga meditation.It is measuring, control, and directing of the breath. Pranayama controls the energy (prana) within the organism, in order to maintain and restore health and to promote vitality of the body and mind. When the combination of the in-flowing breath is neutralized or combined with the out-flowing breath, perfect relaxation and balance of body activities are produced. In yoga, there is a concern in balancing the flows of vital forces, then channelizing them inwards to the chakra system and upwards to the crown chakra.
To draw back or to retreat is termed as Pratyahara. Ahara means “nourishment” and pratyahara translates as “to withdraw oneself from that which nourishes the senses.” The term pratyahara means withdrawal from attachments and worldly materialistic things. As we constantly return to the path of self realization and achievement of internal peace Pratyahara can then be seen as the practice of non-attachment to sensorial distractions to stop living off the things that stimulate; the senses no longer feed on these stimulants and are not aggrandized by them any more.
The objective in dharana is to steady the mind. This is achieved by focusing its attention upon some stable entity. The purpose is to stop the mind from wandering -through dreams .memories, or some reflective thought-by intentionally holding single-mindedly upon some apparently static object. Dharana means “immovable concentration of the mind”.
A continuous flow of perception (or thought) is Dhyana or meditation. It can be termed as worship, or profound and abstract religious meditation. With the intention of knowing the truth about it, It involves concentration upon a point of focus .It revolves around the idea that when one focuses on an object with full power the mind is protean enough to take the shape of the object. Therefore, when one concentrates on the divine they become more reflective of it and and their true nature is revealed in the process.
Samadhi is the union with the divine. The attainment of Samadhi is the he final step in the eight-fold path of Yoga. The body and senses are at rest in a state of Samadhi. A spiritual state of consciousness is attained. Through Samadhi we realize what an identity is without differences, and the means to enjoy pure awareness of this pure identity through a liberated soul.