200 hours Yoga Teacher Training program at Upaya Yoga, Goa is design and aim at producing skilled and motivating yoga teachers who are proficient in the ancient science of yoga and can have a better understanding of teaching yoga.
The 200 hours yoga teacher training syllabus is based on four important aspects of yoga i.e. Hatha Yoga, Raja Yoga, Mantra Yoga and Ashtanga Vinyasa Flow and the course structure is prepared under the guidelines of Yoga Alliance 200 Hours Yoga Teacher Training Course.
Flow is the keyword of Ashtanga Yoga because of the smooth way that the poses run together, is one of the most popular contemporary styles of yoga. The word “vinyasa” can be translated as “arranging something in a special way”. In vinyasa yoga, each movement is synchronized to a breath. The breath is given primacy, acting as an anchor as you move from one pose to the next. Read More
Balancing the physical and mental force of the body is the key word of Hatha Yoga. The word hatha is composed of two syllables, namely ha and tha. Ha means the ‘sun’ and tha means the ‘moon’. Yoga means communion. Thus hatha yoga means the harmony between the sun and moon aspects of our being. Health is the fundamental aim of hatha yoga. Health can be defined as a combination of the following: Read More
Path of introspection is the key word of Raja Yoga. It is the path in which one attempts to explore the different realms of the mind: conscious, subconscious, unconscious. Raja yoga progressively attempts to transcend the outer environment of the physical body, and direct the awareness to the inner environment. Patanjali yoga is often identified with raja yoga directly, for they are regarded as synonymous. Read More
Sound is the keyword of Mantra Yoga. Sound is the primordial form of energy, the original substance and basis of the whole universe. This universe with its solar systems, its invisible fields of energy, is an expansion of sound energy. This sound is known as ‘shabda’ in Yoga, ‘the word’ in the Bible, and ‘mantra’ in the Tantric System. Sound has different stages of manifestations. Read More
- Techniques, Training and Practice
- Teaching Methodology
- Anatomy and Physiology
- Yoga Philosophy, Lifestyle and Ethics for Yoga Teacher
- Non-Contact Program – Assignments, group discussion, presentation & projects
Techniques, Training And Practice
Yoga is experienced by practising this science. This course paper takes the student into the journey of the practical world of yoga where the subjective experience manifests which makes the foundation of yoga.
Following are the yogic practices which are included in this paper:
The shatkarmas consist of six groups of purification practices. The aim of hatha yoga, and therefore of the shatkarmas, is to create harmony between the two major pranic flows, Ida and Pingala, resulting in physical and mental purification and balance.
The first condition of human happiness is the possession of a sound body. It is common knowledge that a sound mind, or a healthy mental condition, prevails in a healthy body. The Yoga Asana thus form the backbone of applied yoga. The Hatha yogis found that certain specific body positions, asanas, open the energy channels and psychic centres. They found that developing control of the body through asanas enables to control the mind and energy. Yogasanas becomes tools to higher awareness, providing the stable foundation necessary for the exploration of the body, breath, mind and higher states.
The Sanskrit word Surya means ‘Sun’, and the word Namaskara means ‘Salutation’ or ‘Worship’. Therefore, this practice is known as ‘Salutation to the Sun’. It loosens up all the joints, flexes all the muscles of the body, massages the internal organs, activates the respiratory and circulatory systems as well as helps to tone all the other systems of the body.
Pranayama is a technique through which the quantity of prana (life-force) in the body is activated to a higher frequency. By practising pranayama, a certain amount of heat or creative force is generated throughout the entire body, influencing the existing quantum of prana.
Mudra is translated as ‘gesture’ or ‘attitude’. They are a combination of subtle physical movements which alter mood, attitude and perception, and which deepen awareness and concentration. Mudras are higher practices which lead to an awakening of the pranas, chakras and kundalini, and which can bestow psychic powers on the advanced practitioners.
The Sanskrit word bandha means to ‘hold’, ‘tighten’ or ‘lock’. The bandhas aim to lock the pranas in particular areas and redirect their flow for the spiritual awakening.
Yoga Nidra is a practice of relaxation and can be defined as ‘yogic sleep’. It is a practice which can be widely applied to improve the quality and happiness of human life. Yoga Nidra acts directly in eradicating deep-rooted psychological complexes, neurosis, inhibitions, etc. it is an advanced psychiatric tool.
We have incorporated important meditation techniques which have been extracted from tantra with the aim to direct the awareness into the domains of the mind in order to remove the impressions and make the mind ready to experience the state of mindfulness and one-pointedness.
- Vaman Dhauti
- Standing postures
- Sitting postures
- Prone postures
- Supine postures
- Balancing postures
- Eyes exercises
- Pawanmuktasana series I, II, III
- Abdominal Breathing
- Thoracic Breathing
- Thoracic & Clavicular Breathing
- Yogic Breathing
- Nadi Shodhan
Mudras & Bandhas
- Gyan & Chin Mudras
- Hridaya Mudra
- Shambhavi Mudra,
- Jalandhar Bandha
- Kaya Sthairyam
- Ajapajapa – stage 1 & 2
- Antar Mouna – stage 1 & 2
Basic practical of Health Management Program
- Upaya Stress Management Program (USMP)
- Yogic management of Diabetes & Hypertension
Teaching methodology plays an important role to make the Teacher Training Program successful. Following are the topics which are included in Teaching Methodology:
- Communication skills such as group dynamics, time management, and the establishment of priorities and boundaries.
- How to address the specific needs of individuals and special populations, to the degree possible in a group setting.
- Principles of demonstration, observation, assisting and correcting.
- Teaching styles.
- Qualities of a teacher.
- The student learning process.
- Business aspects of teaching yoga (including marketing and legal).
Anatomy And Physiology
To understand the components of yoga like asanas, pranayamas etc., in a broader perspective, basic knowledge of anatomy and physiology is necessary for a yoga teacher and practitioner. Diet, Nutrition and Ayurveda facts are also imparted for better understanding.
Topics in this category include:
- Human physical anatomy and physiology (bodily systems, organs, etc.)
- Includes energy anatomy and physiology (chakras, nadis, etc.).
- Includes both the study of anatomy and physiology along with its application to yoga practice (benefits, contraindications, healthy movement patterns, etc.).
Brief introduction to Anatomy & Physiology of human body
- Musculo-Skeletal Structure
- Blood & Immune System
- Cardiovascular System
- Respiratory System
- Digestive System
- Excretory System
- Endocrine System
- Special 5 Senses-Ear, Nose, Tongue, Skin, Eyes
- Central Nervous System
Introduction to Ayurveda in relation to health
- Concept of Ayurveda
- Ayurvedic Concept of health & lifestyle
- Concept of Prakruti & Vikruti
- Finding out Ayurvedic constitution
- Diet chart for various Ayurvedic constitution
Yoga Philosophy, Lifestyle And Ethics For Yoga Teachers
Learning is complete when a student gets the knowledge of yoga philosophy along with practical and is able to establish the link and understanding between these two.
Topics in this category include:
- The study of yoga philosophies and traditional texts (such as Hatha Yoga Pradipika, Gherand Samhita and Patanjali Yoga Sutras)
- Yoga lifestyle, such as the precept of Yamas and Niyamas
- Ethics for yoga teachers, such as role and guidelines of yoga teacher, student-teacher relationship etc.
- Understanding the value of teaching yoga as a service (seva)
Introduction of different components of Yogic practices
- Shatkarmas: An Introduction, Rules & Preparation, Groups of Shatkarmas, Importance.
- Asanas: An Introduction, Rules & Preparation, Groups of Asanas, Importance.
- Pranayamas: An Introduction, Rules & Preparation, Groups of Pranayama, Importance.
- Mudras: An Introduction, Rules & Preparation, Groups of Mudras, Importance.
- Bandhas: An Introduction, Rules & Preparation, Groups of Bandhas, Importance.
- Relaxation: An Introduction, Rules & Preparation, Groups of Relaxation, Importance.
- Meditation: An Introduction, Rules & Preparation, Various meditation techniques, Importance.
Introduction to Yoga & Concept of Health
I. Definition & Objectives of World Health Organization (WHO)
II. Vedic Tradition of Yoga
- Schools of thoughts (Vedanta, Samkhya, Nyasa, Vaisheshika, Uttara and Poorva Mimamsa)
III. Sanatan Culture-
- Four aims in life (Artha, Kama, Dharma, Moksha),
- Four principles of life (Vairagya, Viveka, Shuddhata, Mumukshutva),
- Four stages of life (Brahmacharya, Grikastha, Vanaprastha, Sannyasa).
IV. Aspects of Yogic Discipline
- Astanga Yoga (Yama, Niyama, Asana, Pranayama, Pratyahara, Dharna, Dhyana, Samadhi)
- Yoga Systems (Karma, Jnana, Hatha, Raja, Mantra, Laya)
- Other Yogic Disciplines (Tarka, Tyaga, Mouna, Dewsha, Kaala, Bandha, Dehasamya, Drishtisamya)
Practicum is a process through which the learning outcome is applied by a student. Topics in this category include:
- Practice teaching as the lead instructor
- Receiving and giving feedback.
- Observing others teaching.
- Assisting students while someone else is teaching.
Non-Contact Program – Assignments, Group Discussion, Presentation & Projects
Non-Contact program is the number of hours of learning that occur without a faculty member present and is relevant to the above five educational categories. This Program includes:
- Reading, audio/video or Internet resources that are integrated into the curriculum via reports, class discussions, presentations and tests
- Webinars on yoga-related topics
- Written assignments on yoga-related topics
- Group activities including directed discussion, technique practice or teaching practice.